|The Indian National Army|
The Indian National Army
● The idea of Indian National Army (INA) was first conceived in Malaya by Mohan Singh, an Indian officer of the British Indian Army.
● The Japanese handed over the Indian prisoners of war to Mohan Singh, who tried to recruit them into an Indian National Army. By the end of 1942, 40000 men were ready to join the INA. The outbreak of the Quit India Movement gave a fillip to the INA.
● In March, 1942, a conference of India was held in Tokyo and Indian Independence League was formed. At Bangkok Conference, Ras Bihari Bose was elected as President of the league.
● Subhash Bose escaped to Berlin in 1941 and set-up Indian League there.
● In 1943, he arrived at Singapore. Earlier, he had left the Congress after having differences with Gandhi and formed the Forward Bloc in 1939.
● In Singapore, he was assisted by Ras Bihari Bose. In October, 1943, he set up a provisional Indian Government with headquarters at Rangoon and Singapore.
● The INA commanders PK Sehgal, Shah Nawaz and Gurbaksh Dhillon were put on trial at the Red Fort.
● Defence of INA prisoners in the court was organised by Bhulabhai Desai, Tej Bahadur Sapru, Kailash Nath Katju, Nehru and Asaf Ali.
● Muslim League also joined the country wide protest. 12th November, 1945 was celebrated as INA Day