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Complete list of GOVERNOR-GENERALS OF INDIA || prudhviinfo

 
GOVERNOR-GENERALS OF INDIA

GOVERNOR-GENERALS OF INDIA


Lord William Bentinck

(1828-1835)

● Most liberal and enlightened amongst all

the Governor-Generals of India,

● Regarded as the ‘Father of Modern

Western Education in India’.

● Abolition of Sati in 1829.

● Suppression of Thugi (1830).

● Passed the Charter Act, of 1833.

● Deposition of Raja of Mysore and

annexation of his territories (1831).

● Abolition of Provincial court of Appeal and

appointment of commissioners instead.

He was the First Governor-General of

India.

● First Medical College was opened in

Calcutta in 1835.

● Treaty of Friendship with Ranjit Singh

(1831).

● Annexed Coorg (1834) and Central

Cachar (1831).

Sir Charles Metcalfe

(1835-36)

Passed the famous Press Law, which

liberated the press in India. He is known as

the liberator of press.

Lord Auckland (1836-42)

● First Afghan War (1836-42).

● Death of Ranjit Singh (1839).

Lord Ellenborough (1842-44)

● Brought an end to the Afghan War

(1842).

● Abolished Slavery

● Sind was annexed by Charles Napier.

He was appointed as First Governor of

Sind.

Lord Hardinge (1844-48)

● First Anglo-Sikh War and the Treaty of

Lahore.

Lord Dalhousie (1848-56)

● Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848-49) and

annexation of Punjab.

● Abolished titles and pensions.

● Widow Remarriage Act (1856).

● Introduced Doctrine of Lapse.

● Woods Educational Despatch of 1854.

● Introduction of the Railway, Telegraph

and the Postal System in 1853.

● Establishment of a separate Public

Works Department in every province.

● An Engineering College was

established at Roorkee.

● Planned to open universities in

Calcutta, Bombay and Madras on the

model of Universities of London.

● Second Anglo-Burmese War (1852).

● Santhal uprisings (1855-56).

● Charter Act of 1853.

VICEROYS OF INDIA

Lord Canning (1856-1862)

● Revolt of 1857.

● Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and

Madras were opened in 1857.

● He was last Governor-General

appointed by the East India Company

and the first Viceroy.

● Passed the Government of India Act

of 1858, which ended the rule of the

East India Company.

● The Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn.

The Indian Penal Code (1859) was

passed. Income tax was introduced for

the first time in 1858.

● The Indigo riots in Bengal.

● The Indian Councils Act of 1861 was

passed, which proved to be a landmark

in the constitutional history of India.

● Indian High Court Act, (1861). Under

this act, High Courts were opened in

1865.

● Bombay and Madras founded in 1857.

Lord Elgin-I (1862-63)

● Wahabi Movement suppressed.

Sir John Lawrence

(1864-69)

● High Courts were established at

Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in

1865. War with Bhutan in 1865.

● The Punjab Tenancy Act, was passed.

Lord Mayo (1869-72)

● Introduction of financial

decentralisation in India and made

the first Provincial Settlement in

1870.

● He established the Department of

Agriculture and Commerce.

● He organised the Statistical Survey of

India. In 1872, the first Census was

done in India. He established the

Rajkot College in Kathiawar and

Mayo College at Ajmer.

● He was the only Viceroy to be murdered

in office by a convict in the Andaman in

1872.

● He introduced state railways.

Lord Northbrook (1872-76)

● In 1872, Kuka Rebellion in Punjab led by

Ram Singh. Famine in Bihar (1876).

● He resigned over Afghanistan question.

● Trial of Gaekwads of Baroda.

Lord Lytton (1876-80)

● Most unpopular Viceroy of India.

● Arranged the Grand Darbar in Delhi (in

1877), when the country was suffering

from severe famine.

● Passed the Royal Title Act, (1876) and

Queen Victoria was declared as

Kaiser-i-Hind.

● He passed Arms Act, (1878) the infamous

Vernacular Press Act, (1878) and lowered

the maximum age of ICS from 21 to 19

years.

● Second Anglo-Afgan War 1878-80.

● Famine Commission under Starchy was

appointed by him in 1878.

● In 1876, Deccan Agrarian Relief Act was

passed.

Lord Ripon (1880-1884)

● He was appointed by the Liberal Party

under Gladstone. Repealed the Vernacular

Press Act in 1882.

● The first Factory Act, came in 1881

(Improve the labour condition). In rural

areas, Local Boards were set-up in 1889,

Madras Local Board Act, was passed. He

was famously known as “Father of Local

Self Government”.

● First Official Census in India (1881).

● Famine code was adopted (1883).

● Appointed Hunter Commission for

Educational reforms in 1882.

● Ilbeqrt Bill Controversy (1883-84), which

empowered Indian Judges to inquire into

European cases.

● Foundation of Punjab University.

Lord Dufferin (1884-88)

● Third Anglo-Burmese War and annexation

of Burma (1885).

● Formation of Indian National Congress

(INC) in 1885.

● Bengal Tenacy Act, in 1885.

● Dufferin called the Indian National

Congress as ‘microscopic minority’.

Lord Lansdowne (1888-94)

● Factory Act, of 1891.

● Indian Council Act, of 1892.

● Civil Services were classified- Imperial,

Provincial and Subordinate services.

● In 1891, Age of Consent Act, under which

marriage of girl below 12 years was

prohibited.

● Appointment of Durand Commission in

1893 to define the line between British

India and Afghanistan.

Lord Elgin II (1894-1899)

● The Santhal uprising of 1899.

● Munda uprising of 1899.

● Lyall Commission appointed after famine.

● Assassination of two British officials by the

Chapekar brothers in 1897.

● Plague spread in Bombay.

Lord Curzon (1899-1905)

● Appointed a Police Commission in 1902

under Andrew Frazer.

● Universities Commission appointed in

1902, under Thomas Railey.

● Indian Universities Act, passed in 1904.

● Famine Commission under Macdonell.

● A new Department of Commerce and

Industry established.

● Partition of Bengal (16th October, 1905).

● The risings of the frontier tribes in 1897-98

led him to create the North-Western

Frontier Province.

● He passed the Ancient Monuments

Protection Act, (1904) to restore India’s

cultural heritage. Thus, the Archaeological

Survey of India was established.

● Passed the Indian Coinage and Paper

Currency Act, (1899) and put India on a

gold standard.

● PUSA Agricultural Institute in 1903.

Lord Minto-II (1910-1910)

● Swadeshi Movement.

● Surat split (split in Congress between

the moderates and the extremists,

1907).

● Indian Councils Act, 1909 and

Morley-Minto Reforms.

● Foundation of Muslim League, 1906.

● Newspapers Act, 1908.

Lord Hardinge-II

(1910-1916)

● Annulment of the Partition of Bengal

in 1911.

● Bomb was thrown at Hardinge near

Chandni Chowk, but escaped unhurt.

● Transfer of capital from Calcutta to

Delhi in 1911.

● Darbar in Delhi and Coronation of

George V in 1911.

● In 1912, Bihar and Orissa separated

from Bengal and, became a new

state.

● Establishment of Hindu Mahasabha

by Madan Mohan Malviya (1915).

● Gandhiji came back to India from

South Africa (1915).

Lord Chelmsford

(1916-21)

● Government of India Act, 1919 also

known as Montague-Chelmsford

Reforms.

● Repressive Rowlatt Act, (1919).

● Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th

April, 1919).

● Home Rule Movement both by Tilak

and Annie Beasant.

● Saddler Commission on Education

in 1917.

● Appointment of Hunter Commission

to look into Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy.

● Chambers of Prince, 1921,

established.

● Non Co-operation Movement Started,

Khilafat movement initiated.

● An Indian Sir SP Sinha was appointed

as the Governor of Bengal.

● Death of Tilak (1920).

Lord Reading (1921-1926)

● Rowlatt Act was repealed along with Press

Act of 1910.

● Holding of simultaneous examination for

the ICS in England and India from 1923.

Prince of Wales visited India in November,

1921.

● Moplah Rebellion (1921) took place in

Kerala.

● Chauri-Chaura incident and withdrawal of

Non-Coperation Movement.

● Formation of Swaraj Party by CR Das and

Motilal Nehru (1923).

● Communist Party of India founded by MN

Roy (1925).

● Kakori Train Conspiracy (1925).

● Vishwabharati University (1922).

● Lee Commission (1924) for public

services. Young Hilton Committee for

currency notes (1926).

● Royal Commission on agriculture.

● RSS founded in 1925.

● Murder of Swami Shraddhanand.

Lord Irwin (1926-1931)

● Simon Commission visited India in 1928.

Buttler Commission in 1927.

● Deepawali declaration by Lord Irwin (1929).

● All India Youth Congress, 1928.

● Nehru Report, 1928.

● Lahore Session of the Congress, (1929)

and Poorna Swaraj declaration.

● First Round Table Conference 1930,

Congress boycotted it.

● Civil Disobedience Movement, 1930

started with.

● Dandi March (12th March, 1930).

● Gandhi-Irwin Pact, 5th March, 1931.

● Sharda Act, 1929, under which

marriageable age of girls (14 years) and

boys (18 years) was raised.

● Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra

Bose founded Independence of India

League.

Lord Wellington (1931-1936)

● Second and Third Round Table

Conferences.

● Communal Award by Mcdonald (British

PM). Government of India Act, 1935.

● Poona Pact was signed.

● During his period Orissa was separated

from Bihar (1936) and a new province

Sind was created (1936), Burma

separated from India as well in 1935.

● All India Kisan Sabha, 1936.

● Foundation of Congress Socialist Party,

1934.

Lord Linlithgow (1936-43)

● First General Election (1936-37)

Congress Ministries.

● SC Bose president of 51st INC (1938).

● Forward Bloc founded in 1939.

● Deliverance day by Muslim League

1939.

● Lahore Resolution of Muslim League

(1940) demand of Pakistan.

● August Offer, 1940.

● ‘‘Divide & Quit’’ at the Karachi Session

(1940). Passing of Quit India

resolution (1942).

● In Haripura Session (1939) of Congress,

declared Complete Independence.

● Cripps Mission, 1942.

● Quit India Movement, 1942.

● In 1943, Muslim League celebrated

‘Pakistan day’.

Lord Wavell (1943-47)

● CR Formula (Rajaji Formula), 1944.

● Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference,

1945.

● Cabinet Mission came to India in May,

1946. The Congress and the Muslim

league both rejected its proposals.

● Muslim League celebrated 16th

August, 1946 as ‘Direct Action Day’.

● INA trials and the Naval Mutiny, 1946.

Lord Mountbatten

(March to August, 1947)

● June third plan.

● Last British Viceroy of British India.

● First Governor-General of free India.

● Boundary commissions under Radcliffe.

● Introduction of Indian Independence

Bill in the House of Commons.

C Rajagopalachari

● Last Governor-General of India.

● The only Indian Governor-General to

remain in office from 21st June, 1948

to 25th January, 1950.

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