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Complete list of GOVERNOR-GENERALS OF INDIA || prudhviinfo



Lord William Bentinck


● Most liberal and enlightened amongst all

the Governor-Generals of India,

● Regarded as the ‘Father of Modern

Western Education in India’.

● Abolition of Sati in 1829.

● Suppression of Thugi (1830).

● Passed the Charter Act, of 1833.

● Deposition of Raja of Mysore and

annexation of his territories (1831).

● Abolition of Provincial court of Appeal and

appointment of commissioners instead.

He was the First Governor-General of


● First Medical College was opened in

Calcutta in 1835.

● Treaty of Friendship with Ranjit Singh


● Annexed Coorg (1834) and Central

Cachar (1831).

Sir Charles Metcalfe


Passed the famous Press Law, which

liberated the press in India. He is known as

the liberator of press.

Lord Auckland (1836-42)

● First Afghan War (1836-42).

● Death of Ranjit Singh (1839).

Lord Ellenborough (1842-44)

● Brought an end to the Afghan War


● Abolished Slavery

● Sind was annexed by Charles Napier.

He was appointed as First Governor of


Lord Hardinge (1844-48)

● First Anglo-Sikh War and the Treaty of


Lord Dalhousie (1848-56)

● Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848-49) and

annexation of Punjab.

● Abolished titles and pensions.

● Widow Remarriage Act (1856).

● Introduced Doctrine of Lapse.

● Woods Educational Despatch of 1854.

● Introduction of the Railway, Telegraph

and the Postal System in 1853.

● Establishment of a separate Public

Works Department in every province.

● An Engineering College was

established at Roorkee.

● Planned to open universities in

Calcutta, Bombay and Madras on the

model of Universities of London.

● Second Anglo-Burmese War (1852).

● Santhal uprisings (1855-56).

● Charter Act of 1853.


Lord Canning (1856-1862)

● Revolt of 1857.

● Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and

Madras were opened in 1857.

● He was last Governor-General

appointed by the East India Company

and the first Viceroy.

● Passed the Government of India Act

of 1858, which ended the rule of the

East India Company.

● The Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn.

The Indian Penal Code (1859) was

passed. Income tax was introduced for

the first time in 1858.

● The Indigo riots in Bengal.

● The Indian Councils Act of 1861 was

passed, which proved to be a landmark

in the constitutional history of India.

● Indian High Court Act, (1861). Under

this act, High Courts were opened in


● Bombay and Madras founded in 1857.

Lord Elgin-I (1862-63)

● Wahabi Movement suppressed.

Sir John Lawrence


● High Courts were established at

Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in

1865. War with Bhutan in 1865.

● The Punjab Tenancy Act, was passed.

Lord Mayo (1869-72)

● Introduction of financial

decentralisation in India and made

the first Provincial Settlement in


● He established the Department of

Agriculture and Commerce.

● He organised the Statistical Survey of

India. In 1872, the first Census was

done in India. He established the

Rajkot College in Kathiawar and

Mayo College at Ajmer.

● He was the only Viceroy to be murdered

in office by a convict in the Andaman in


● He introduced state railways.

Lord Northbrook (1872-76)

● In 1872, Kuka Rebellion in Punjab led by

Ram Singh. Famine in Bihar (1876).

● He resigned over Afghanistan question.

● Trial of Gaekwads of Baroda.

Lord Lytton (1876-80)

● Most unpopular Viceroy of India.

● Arranged the Grand Darbar in Delhi (in

1877), when the country was suffering

from severe famine.

● Passed the Royal Title Act, (1876) and

Queen Victoria was declared as


● He passed Arms Act, (1878) the infamous

Vernacular Press Act, (1878) and lowered

the maximum age of ICS from 21 to 19


● Second Anglo-Afgan War 1878-80.

● Famine Commission under Starchy was

appointed by him in 1878.

● In 1876, Deccan Agrarian Relief Act was


Lord Ripon (1880-1884)

● He was appointed by the Liberal Party

under Gladstone. Repealed the Vernacular

Press Act in 1882.

● The first Factory Act, came in 1881

(Improve the labour condition). In rural

areas, Local Boards were set-up in 1889,

Madras Local Board Act, was passed. He

was famously known as “Father of Local

Self Government”.

● First Official Census in India (1881).

● Famine code was adopted (1883).

● Appointed Hunter Commission for

Educational reforms in 1882.

● Ilbeqrt Bill Controversy (1883-84), which

empowered Indian Judges to inquire into

European cases.

● Foundation of Punjab University.

Lord Dufferin (1884-88)

● Third Anglo-Burmese War and annexation

of Burma (1885).

● Formation of Indian National Congress

(INC) in 1885.

● Bengal Tenacy Act, in 1885.

● Dufferin called the Indian National

Congress as ‘microscopic minority’.

Lord Lansdowne (1888-94)

● Factory Act, of 1891.

● Indian Council Act, of 1892.

● Civil Services were classified- Imperial,

Provincial and Subordinate services.

● In 1891, Age of Consent Act, under which

marriage of girl below 12 years was


● Appointment of Durand Commission in

1893 to define the line between British

India and Afghanistan.

Lord Elgin II (1894-1899)

● The Santhal uprising of 1899.

● Munda uprising of 1899.

● Lyall Commission appointed after famine.

● Assassination of two British officials by the

Chapekar brothers in 1897.

● Plague spread in Bombay.

Lord Curzon (1899-1905)

● Appointed a Police Commission in 1902

under Andrew Frazer.

● Universities Commission appointed in

1902, under Thomas Railey.

● Indian Universities Act, passed in 1904.

● Famine Commission under Macdonell.

● A new Department of Commerce and

Industry established.

● Partition of Bengal (16th October, 1905).

● The risings of the frontier tribes in 1897-98

led him to create the North-Western

Frontier Province.

● He passed the Ancient Monuments

Protection Act, (1904) to restore India’s

cultural heritage. Thus, the Archaeological

Survey of India was established.

● Passed the Indian Coinage and Paper

Currency Act, (1899) and put India on a

gold standard.

● PUSA Agricultural Institute in 1903.

Lord Minto-II (1910-1910)

● Swadeshi Movement.

● Surat split (split in Congress between

the moderates and the extremists,


● Indian Councils Act, 1909 and

Morley-Minto Reforms.

● Foundation of Muslim League, 1906.

● Newspapers Act, 1908.

Lord Hardinge-II


● Annulment of the Partition of Bengal

in 1911.

● Bomb was thrown at Hardinge near

Chandni Chowk, but escaped unhurt.

● Transfer of capital from Calcutta to

Delhi in 1911.

● Darbar in Delhi and Coronation of

George V in 1911.

● In 1912, Bihar and Orissa separated

from Bengal and, became a new


● Establishment of Hindu Mahasabha

by Madan Mohan Malviya (1915).

● Gandhiji came back to India from

South Africa (1915).

Lord Chelmsford


● Government of India Act, 1919 also

known as Montague-Chelmsford


● Repressive Rowlatt Act, (1919).

● Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (13th

April, 1919).

● Home Rule Movement both by Tilak

and Annie Beasant.

● Saddler Commission on Education

in 1917.

● Appointment of Hunter Commission

to look into Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy.

● Chambers of Prince, 1921,


● Non Co-operation Movement Started,

Khilafat movement initiated.

● An Indian Sir SP Sinha was appointed

as the Governor of Bengal.

● Death of Tilak (1920).

Lord Reading (1921-1926)

● Rowlatt Act was repealed along with Press

Act of 1910.

● Holding of simultaneous examination for

the ICS in England and India from 1923.

Prince of Wales visited India in November,


● Moplah Rebellion (1921) took place in


● Chauri-Chaura incident and withdrawal of

Non-Coperation Movement.

● Formation of Swaraj Party by CR Das and

Motilal Nehru (1923).

● Communist Party of India founded by MN

Roy (1925).

● Kakori Train Conspiracy (1925).

● Vishwabharati University (1922).

● Lee Commission (1924) for public

services. Young Hilton Committee for

currency notes (1926).

● Royal Commission on agriculture.

● RSS founded in 1925.

● Murder of Swami Shraddhanand.

Lord Irwin (1926-1931)

● Simon Commission visited India in 1928.

Buttler Commission in 1927.

● Deepawali declaration by Lord Irwin (1929).

● All India Youth Congress, 1928.

● Nehru Report, 1928.

● Lahore Session of the Congress, (1929)

and Poorna Swaraj declaration.

● First Round Table Conference 1930,

Congress boycotted it.

● Civil Disobedience Movement, 1930

started with.

● Dandi March (12th March, 1930).

● Gandhi-Irwin Pact, 5th March, 1931.

● Sharda Act, 1929, under which

marriageable age of girls (14 years) and

boys (18 years) was raised.

● Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra

Bose founded Independence of India


Lord Wellington (1931-1936)

● Second and Third Round Table


● Communal Award by Mcdonald (British

PM). Government of India Act, 1935.

● Poona Pact was signed.

● During his period Orissa was separated

from Bihar (1936) and a new province

Sind was created (1936), Burma

separated from India as well in 1935.

● All India Kisan Sabha, 1936.

● Foundation of Congress Socialist Party,


Lord Linlithgow (1936-43)

● First General Election (1936-37)

Congress Ministries.

● SC Bose president of 51st INC (1938).

● Forward Bloc founded in 1939.

● Deliverance day by Muslim League


● Lahore Resolution of Muslim League

(1940) demand of Pakistan.

● August Offer, 1940.

● ‘‘Divide & Quit’’ at the Karachi Session

(1940). Passing of Quit India

resolution (1942).

● In Haripura Session (1939) of Congress,

declared Complete Independence.

● Cripps Mission, 1942.

● Quit India Movement, 1942.

● In 1943, Muslim League celebrated

‘Pakistan day’.

Lord Wavell (1943-47)

● CR Formula (Rajaji Formula), 1944.

● Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference,


● Cabinet Mission came to India in May,

1946. The Congress and the Muslim

league both rejected its proposals.

● Muslim League celebrated 16th

August, 1946 as ‘Direct Action Day’.

● INA trials and the Naval Mutiny, 1946.

Lord Mountbatten

(March to August, 1947)

● June third plan.

● Last British Viceroy of British India.

● First Governor-General of free India.

● Boundary commissions under Radcliffe.

● Introduction of Indian Independence

Bill in the House of Commons.

C Rajagopalachari

● Last Governor-General of India.

● The only Indian Governor-General to

remain in office from 21st June, 1948

to 25th January, 1950.

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