➤1 April, 1950 - India became the first non-socialist bloc country to establish diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China.
➤ India-China border conflict in 1962 was a serious setback to ties. • Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s landmark visit in 1988 began a phase of improvement in bilateral relations.
➤1993: India and China signed an Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquility along the LAC on the India-China Border Areas - bilateral ties further improved.
➤2013: India and China signed a Border-Defence- Cooperation Agreement:
➤To facilitate ways and means to implement border defence cooperation;
➤For measures to facilitate contacts
➤ To enhance understanding and cooperation between the border defence forces
➤For procedures to be followed where there is no common understanding of the LAC
➤ But even then, serious Chinese transgressions into Indian territory are being reported - both sides see the contested border areas as strategically important in the event of a conflict - resulted in many standoffs along the borders.
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